Tag Archives: TRADE

Geographical Indicators Create Trade Barriers, Says Dairy Industry

In a recent letter to Japan’s Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, several dairy industry associations urged Japan to respect current trade relationships with respect to geographical indicators (GIs). Noting that Japan and the European Union (EU) are in the final stages of negotiating a free trade agreement, the National Milk Producers Federation (NMPF), the … Continue Reading

Cattle Producers Sue USDA to Reinstate COOL

As previously covered on this blog, in 2013, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) implemented country of origin labeling (COOL) rules, requiring meat labels to indicate where animals were born, raised, and slaughtered.  Meatpacking and livestock commodity groups in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico challenged the COOL requirements via appeal to the World Trade Organization (WTO) and … Continue Reading

USDA Creates Trade Undersecretary Post

As background, Section 3208 of the Agricultural Act of 2014, Pub. L. 113-70 (7 USC §6935) required the Secretary of Agriculture to propose a reorganization of international trade functions for imports and exports, including a plan for the establishment of the Under Secretary for Trade and Foreign Agricultural Affairs (U/Sec TFAA). On May 11, 2017, … Continue Reading

Fishy Business: NOAA Finalizes Seafood Traceability Rule

For years, the seafood industry has grappled with the issue of “seafood fraud,” which includes the substitution of cheaper species for more expensive ones.  As previously covered on this blog, on February 5, 2016, the Commerce Department’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) issued a proposed rule to establish a new traceability program for certain seafood … Continue Reading

Will COOL Make a Come Back?

As previously covered on this blog, mandatory country of origin labeling (COOL) rules for beef products have long been the subject of controversy and challenge, culminating in a World Trade Organization (WTO) ruling that the COOL requirements violate U.S. trade obligations to Canada and Mexico and Congress repealing COOL as of December 21, 2015. With a … Continue Reading

EU Food Name System Could Cost U.S. Dairy Industry Billions

Geographic indications (GIs) identify specific geographic areas and are allowed for certain specialty food products. Only products that originate in the designated area may be labeled with the GIs. Examples in the U.S. are: Washington State Apples and Idaho Potatoes. The European Union (EU) has suggested extending GI protections to cheeses, such as parmesan, gorgonzola, … Continue Reading

Milk Matters

FDA launches electronic system to facilitate dairy exports. Companies that wish to export products to foreign countries must comply with U.S. laws and regulations, as well as the requirements of the export markets.  FDA provides certain resources that can be helpful to companies seeking to gain access to export markets, e.g., export certificates, lists of exporting … Continue Reading

Import(er) Alert: E-Filing Proposed Rule

FDA proposes e-filing requirements to facilitate product imports. FDA and the U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency (CBP) work together to facilitate the admission of imported products into the U.S.  The Automated Commercial Environment (ACE) is a commercial trade processing system operated by CBP that helps automate and expedite the processing of imports and exports. Earlier … Continue Reading

Import Refusal Trends

Newly-issued report describes trends in FDA import refusals. FDA is responsible for overseeing the safety of the U.S. food supply, which includes significant quantities of imported food.  Due in part to resource constraints, FDA inspects only a fraction of the foreign facilities that produce food for the U.S. and physically examines only a small percentage … Continue Reading

Canadian Bacon

FSIS audit asks Canada to strengthen its food safety procedures. The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) regulates the quality, safety, and labeling of meat, poultry, and egg products marketed in the United States.  In 2014, FSIS conducted an audit of Canada’s meat, poultry, and egg systems and found deficiencies that … Continue Reading

Sounds Fishy: New Seafood Traceability Program

NOAA proposes new traceability program for certain types of seafood. For years, the seafood industry has grappled with the issue of “seafood fraud,” which includes the substitution of cheaper species for more expensive ones.  Data from one of the largest seafood fraud investigations in the world indicate that snapper and tuna were mislabeled most frequently, … Continue Reading

Imports: Risky Business?

Survey of FDA import data suggests food imported from low-GDP countries may pose higher risks. Particularly now that FDA has issued a final rule to implement the Foreign Supplier Verification Program (FSVP) under the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), the food industry is more engaged than ever in the analysis of risks associated with foods … Continue Reading

Looser Livestock Export Rules

USDA loosens livestock export rules. The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has regulatory authority over both the import and export of livestock products.  In the import context, APHIS works to ensure that products entering the U.S. meet the Agency’s entry requirements to exclude pests and diseases.  … Continue Reading

Tariff Trouble

WTO authorizes Canada and Mexico to impose over $1 billion in retaliatory tariffs on U.S. products related to country of origin labeling dispute. As previously covered on this blog, the U.S. has been dealing with the aftermath of a World Trade Organization (WTO) ruling that mandatory country of origin labeling (COOL) requirements unfairly discriminate against … Continue Reading

COOL Cash Cow

USTR indicates that COOL damages are much lower than Canada and Mexico estimated. As previously covered on this blog, the U.S. government continues to develop strategies to cope with the aftermath of a World Trade Organization (WTO) ruling that mandatory country of origin labeling (COOL) requirements unfairly discriminate against meat imports.  Because COOL requirements are … Continue Reading

COOL by Choice

Senate introduces voluntary COOL bill. As previously covered on this blog, Congress has been working to resolve the controversy surrounding country of origin labeling (COOL) requirements for meat products.  In the wake of a World Trade Organization (WTO) ruling that mandatory COOL requirements unfairly discriminate against meat imports — and the WTO’s subsequent rejection of … Continue Reading

Canada Corner: GM Policy Change

Canada considers changes to its policy regarding GM imports. Currently, food containing genetically modified (GM) organisms may be imported into Canada only if Health Canada has performed a pre-market safety assessment of the products.  According to Health Canada, it is a “seven to ten year process to research, develop, test and assess the safety of … Continue Reading

Where’s the Beef?

USDA to permit beef imports from Argentina and Brazil. The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is tasked with protecting the United States from animal and plant pests that could threaten the domestic agricultural market and the food supply.  Regulations in 9 CFR Part 94 prohibit or restrict the … Continue Reading

Senate Stalls

Senate still has not passed bill to repeal COOL requirements. As previously covered on this blog, the U.S. House of Representatives recently passed a bill to repeal country of origin labeling (COOL) requirements for meat products.  The COOL requirements have long been mired in controversy, culminating in a World Trade Organization (WTO) ruling that the … Continue Reading

Cooling Off

House votes to repeal COOL requirements for meat. As previously covered on this blog, U.S. country of origin labeling (COOL) rules for meat products have long been the subject of controversy and challenge, culminating in a World Trade Organization (WTO) ruling that the COOL requirements violate U.S. trade obligations to Canada and Mexico.  The WTO … Continue Reading

Friday Follow-Up

House Agricultural Committee votes to repeal COOL requirements. As covered on this blog earlier this week, the World Trade Organization (WTO) rejected the U.S. appeal of a ruling regarding the propriety of its country of origin labeling (COOL) requirements for meat products.  The WTO’s latest action means that its earlier ruling against the COOL requirements … Continue Reading

Un-COOL

WTO rejects U.S. appeal of COOL ruling. In 2013, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) implemented country of origin labeling (COOL) rules, requiring meat labels to indicate where animals were born, raised, and slaughtered.  Meatpacking and livestock commodity groups in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico challenged the COOL requirements via appeal to the World Trade … Continue Reading
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